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Essex Through the Ages
Neolithic Essex
  Life in the Neolithic
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Life in the Neolithic

By the early Neolithic the sea level had risen, so that the Essex coastline had reached something like its present appearance. High tide mark was approximately in the region of the present low-tide mark and consequently large areas of former land surface now lie in the present intertidal zone.

Well preserved settlement sites on these land surfaces have yielded detailed economic and environmental data, indicating that wild food resources were at least as important as cultivated ones. There seems to have been no sudden shift from a hunter-gatherer to an agricultural based economy, for settlements essentially still lay within a largely wooded landscape.