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Essex Through the Ages
Bronze Age Essex
  Life in the Bronze Age
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Life in the Bronze Age

The best excavated evidence for settlement comes from North Shoebury where a series of fragmentary rectilinear ditches, bounded to the North and East by substantial ditches. The enclosures contained clusters of small pits bearing a resemblance to Iron Age storage pits.

Animal and plant remains indicate a mixed economy with sheep, cattle and pigs kept and wheat and possibly oats being grown. The presence of mussel shells indicates these were being harvested from the nearby coast. Loomweights indicate that weaving was taking place, while fragments of quernstone provide evidence that cereals were being ground on site; the stone used was not available locally and must have come from some distance away.

In the later period, evidence from North Shoebury indicates a similar range of activities, with mussel shell dumps, pottery, spindle whorls indicating wool processing, occasional metalwork and bone tools. The presence of many wooden structures in the areas of the estuaries indicates the importance of these coastal areas for a variety of activities, from the middle Bronze Age right through to the early Iron Age.