The Tudor period begins with the end of the Wars of the Roses and the rise of Henry Tudor, great-grandson of Edward III and of the house of Lancaster. He cemented his place on the throne by marrying Elizabeth of York, the daughter of Edward IV, and thus uniting the two houses which had been in conflict for so long.
The Tudor period is dominated by the reigns of Henry VIII and his daughter Elizabeth I, and is marked chiefly by changes in religion and by changes in the structure of society, with the growth of increasingly wealthy "new men" who had often made their money through trade. It was also a time of exploration, and the discovery of the Americas early in the period led to increasing colonisation throughout later centuries.
In the landscape of Essex though we can see little change. The main development was the building of what are known as "Great Houses", constructed by nobles or by the newly-rich, along with a final flourish of church rebuilding before the Reformation. Brick became increasingly popular as a building material and is ubiquitous in Tudor buildings.