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Monument Name West of Lofts Hall
SMR Number 3912
Summary A late bronze age founder's hoard found in 1847.
Media
None Available
Associated Media
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Description A late bronze age founder's hoard found in 1847. <2> Some 30 implements in the hoard including socketed axes, spears, socketed knives, swords, bucket handle, fused metal. Now distributed to several museums from Chrishall although some objects are labelled Elmdon. <1> Neville speaks of a "large hoard of bronze age celts with metal for fusing them", at least 4 socketed axes, 3 spearheads and an oval bronze ring. Neville's workmen came across the finds by chance in the possession of the local blacksmith, to whom they had originally been brought as old iron, and they were given to Neville. The blacksmith later said they were part of a much bigger hoard, all from the same hole filled with black earth. He had dispersed most of the hoard among various interested people, although many fragments remained to which Neville was welcome. Two items were very fine celts. Amongst the rest "there are four different patterns of these implements, and a perfect arrowhead" and "several lumps of the metal fused together. <2> <8> According to this source site centred at TL 46143896. <3> Another source gives TL 4539. <4> Part of the hoard was illustrated by Neville. <8> The same pieces (from the same plate?) are illustrated in source. <5> These illustrations have been copied and are in the SMR. They show: 3 socketed spearheads, 1 socketed spearhead or knife (is this the arrowhead referred to by Neville?), part of a socketed knife?, 5 socketed axes (4 looped), part of a flanged or winged axe?, a ring (the bucket handle?) and a triangular piece-a dagger or a sword? <6> A Roman coin and ring were apparently also found with the hoard. Possibly the hoard was found in Roman times ? The coin was originally identified as of Domitian, later as of Hadrian. <2> There is some confusion over whether the hoard is from Chrishall or Elmdon. A s some objects are variously labelled it could be that 2 or more sites have been conflated. Some finds are in Colchester Museum. <7> Other refs: <9> - <17>, source 15 is an analysis of bronzes, using optical spectrometry, which included the Chrishall hoard. Site Assessment = Objects variously labelled, 2 or more sites conflated? Querie over NGR
Monument Type(s) PIT (Dated 1000BC to 701BC)
Monument Class(es) UNCERTAIN EVIDENCE
Period 1000BC to 701BC Bronze Age
Status Not Known
Administration Area WENDEN LOFTS, UTTLESFORD, ESSEX
National Grid Reference Square: TL43NE
Ref: 461389
Finds BRONZE ARROWHEAD (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE BUCKET (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE DAGGER (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE HOARD (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE KNIFE (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE RING (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE SOCKETED AXEHEAD (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE SPEAR (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE SWORD (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

BRONZE WINGED AXEHEAD (Dated 1000BC To 701BC)

Events None listed
Sources <1> Desc Text : SMR form unknown unnumbered Dated : 1960 0nwards

<10> Desc Text : Trans Essex Archaeol Soc (Trans Essex Archaeological Soc) OldSeries, Vol 1, p194 Dated : unknown

<11> Desc Text : Trans Essex Archaeol Soc (Trans Essex Archaeological Soc) New Series, Vol14, p301 Dated : unknown

<12> Desc Text : Butcher's MSS Catalogue (Butcher) Dated : unknown

<13> Desc Text : VCH Essex (unknown) Vol 1, pp267, 272 Dated : 1903

<14> Desc Text : Archaeology of the Cambridge Region (Fox, C) pp60, 324 Dated : 1923

<15> Desc Text : A Sample Analysis of British Middle and Late Bronze Age Material (Brown, MA and Blin-Stoyle, AE) Vol 25, p197, 205-206, 208 Dated : 1959

<16> Desc Text : Essex (Hull, MR) Vol 3, p128 Dated : 1903

<17> Desc Text : Archaeological review? (unknown) Vol 2, p98 Dated : unknown

<2> Desc Text : TL43-026 (unknown) Dated : unknown

<3> RECORD SHEET/FORM : OS cards (Ordnance Survey) TL43NE04, 1954 Dated : unknown

<4> RECORD SHEET/FORM : OS cards (Ordnance Survey) TL43NE04, 1974 Dated : unknown

<5> Desc Text : Trans Hist Soc Lancashire (Trans Hist Soc Lancashire) New series, Vol 13, p280 Dated : 1873

<6> Graphic material : TL43-026 (unknown) Dated : unknown

<7> Artifact : ARTEFACT Col Mus (Colchester Museum) Dated : unknown

<8> Desc Text : Sepulchra Exposita (Neville, R) pp2-3? Dated : 1847

<9> Desc Text : Ancient Bronze Implements of Great Britain (Evans, J) pp117, 283, 462, 467 Dated : 1861