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Monument Name Colchester - St John's Abbey
SMR Number 12356
Summary St Johns Abbey gatehouse and precinct.
Media
St. Johns Abbey Gate, Colchester
St. Johns Abbey Gate, Colchester
Associated Media
None Available
Description St Johns Abbey gatehouse and precinct. <1> N gatehouse, probably C15, of St Johns Abbey, founded by Eudo Dapifer and dedicated 10th February 1115 AD. The outer facade is of flint with a great deal of flushwork decoration, chiefly shafts and blank crocketed arches. Tall carriageway with four-centred head and tall niches above and to the left and right. Below the right niche is the entrance for pedestrians, also with four-centred head. Two-light upper windows and battlements. Flanking polygonal angle turrets with large crocketed pinnacles. No flushwork on the other side, one wide gateway, restored C19. <2> <3> Gatehouse is of two storeys, walls partly of rubble and partly of brick with limestone dressings. Roofs are covered with lead and tiles. Probably built C15 and has been considerably restored. Some C12 fragments are incorporated into the internal walls of the gatehouse. <4> A geophysical survey was carried out I . All that was possible to establish was that a north-south wall, for which there is some surface evidence did exist for at least 45m, and that there is evidence for a second wall some 20 to 25m to the east of the first one, this wall turning westwards at the south of the area surveyed. There was probably also an east-west wall at the southern end of the lower grassed area.<5>
Monument Type(s) ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Dated 1066AD to 1539AD)
ABBEY (Dated 1066AD to 1539AD)
GATEHOUSE (Dated 1066AD to 1539AD)
Monument Class(es) ARCHITECTURAL COMPONENT
EXTANT BUILDING
RUINED BUILDING
Period 1066AD to 1539AD Medieval
Status Scheduled Monument
Administration Area COLCHESTER, COLCHESTER, ESSEX
National Grid Reference Square: TL92SE
Ref: 998247
Finds None listed
Events The possible foundation areas of the former Benedictine Abbey of St John

Sources <1> Desc Text : SMR form unknown Dated : 1960 0nwards

<2> Scheduling record : DOE Scheduled Ancient Monuments Parts 5-8 (Department of the Environment) Dated : 1986

<3> Desc Text : The Buildings of England, Essex (Pevsner, N) p123 Dated : 1954

<4> Desc Text : An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex - Volume 4 (RCHME) Vol 3, pp47-8 Dated : 1923

<5> Desc Text : Geophysical Survey Report: The Benedictine Abbey of St John. National Monument N.26307. (Black, A) Dated : 2002

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