Essex County Council Logo Unlocking Essex's Past - from Heritage Conservation at Essex County Council Unlocking Essex's Past Logo
 Home   Links   Help   Search   Feedback  EHER No. Search: GO
Home
  Monument Detail
Ready Made Searches

Display Monument

Monument Name St Peter's Chapel, Bradwell-on-sea
SMR Number 32
Summary Chapel almost certainly built by Bishop Cedd in 654 AD.
Media
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel, Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
St Peters Chapel (Detail), Bradwell on Sea
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Othona, Roman Fort, Bradwell on Sea, Maldon
Associated Media
None Available
Description Chapel almost certainly built by Bishop Cedd in 654 AD. It is made of reused Roman material such as ashlar and brick from the fort and stands across the latter's west wall. It consists of an apse, nave and porch, the apse has been destroyed and the porch was turned into a tower at some time although this has been demolished. It was at some time a chapel-of-ease to Bradwell on Sea and it was later used as a barn. It was restored in the early 20th century. <1> Some evidence for a Saxon monastery comes from excavations of the area surrounding the chapel. A ditch forming part of the west defences of the Roman fort, some seventy feet north of the chapel, part excavated by the Roman Essex Society in 1947 under the direction of Major J.G.S. Brinson and contained some Saxon pottery. In addition to the Saxon pottery recovered from Brinson's excavations, two sherds came from the Oxley Parker excavations and a complete pot was found on the foreshore. One sherd of Ipswich-type ware with horizontal rilling testifies to a middle Saxon presence on the site. Small finds from the Oxley Parker collection (1864-5 excavations) included a mid-sixth century cruciform brooch; a possible reliquary mount; styli; an iron bowl, possibly from a lamp; a key; knives; strapends (one 9th century in date with Trewhiddle style plant ornament). No positively Saxon structures were identified. Excavations some 160m to the north of the Roman fort and Saxon chapel by ECC Field Archaeology Group (directed by M. Medlycott) in 1993 did not produce any evidence for Saxon occupation, though the evaluation trenches did reveal some evidence for Saxon activity in the area in the form of a few small, abraded Saxon sherds.<1>-<10> In 1993, the tie-beam at the east end of the nave set below the level of the roof trusses had the strap on its southern end renewed. the ironwork characterised by spikes and a forelock bolt suggests an eighteenth century to early 19th century date and it is clear that the tie-beam was inserted below roof level to tie the walls together. <11> AP taken in 1992. <12> A hole measuring about 1.2M by 1.6M and 0.50M deep located at the East end of the church, stradelling the low step in the chancel was excavated on 23 May 1985 for the foundaion of a new altar.<14> Site Assessment = Of extreme interest as one of the earliest surviving churches in England. <1>
Monument Type(s) CHAPEL (Dated 410AD to 1065AD)
Monument Class(es) EXTANT BUILDING
STONE
Period 410AD to 1065AD Early Medieval
Status Scheduled Monument
Administration Area BRADWELL-ON-SEA, MALDON, ESSEX
National Grid Reference Square: TM00NW
Ref: 030081
Finds IRON BOWL (Dated 410AD To 1065AD)

BRONZE BROOCH (Dated 500AD To 600AD)

IRON KEY (LOCKING) (Dated 410AD To 1065AD)

IRON KNIFE (Dated 410AD To 1065AD)

BRONZE RELIQUARY (Dated 410AD To 1065AD)

IRON STYLUS (Dated 410AD To 1065AD)

POTTERY VESSEL (Dated 410AD To 800AD)

POTTERY VESSEL (Dated 700AD To 1000AD)

Events FULL SURVEY by MOW,

St Peter ad Murum - D.Andrews and D.Priddy

Sources <1> Desc Text : An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Essex - Volume 4 (RCHME) Vol 4, pp15-16 Dated : 1923

<10> Desc Text : The Othona Community Site, Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex (Medlycott, Maria) Project Design ECC Planning Dept. Field Archaeology Group Dated : 1993

<11> Desc Text : Bradwell-on-Sea, St. Peter's Ad Muram (Andrews, DD) Dated : 1993

<12> Aerial Photo : 419-4 (unknown) Dated : 1992

<13> Photograph : St Peter's on the wall, Bradwell on Sea (Strachan, David) Dated : 1998

<14> Desc Text : St Peter Ad Murum, Bradwell on Sea, Excavation 1985 (Andrews, D and Priddy, D) Dated : 1985

<2> Aerial Photo : BVA2 (CUCAP) Dated : 1975

<3> Aerial Photo : VB87 (CUCAP) Dated : 1957

<4> Aerial Photo : BIF75 (unknown) Dated : 1972

<5> Aerial Photo : TM0308-3-134 (unknown) Dated : 1974

<6> Aerial Photo : TL7308/2/18 (NMR) Dated : 1975

<7> Photograph : TM00-001 (Hedges, John D) Dated : 1972

<8> Desc Text : Bradwell-on-Sea, Essex; the Roman Shore Fort, Saxon monastery and church (Barford, PM) EAA forthcoming Dated : unknown

<9> Desc Text : The Roman Essex Society's Projects c. 1946-52, Bradwell-on-Sea (Rodwell, Warwick J) Essex Arch. and Hist. vol 8 p234-7 Dated : 1976